Litchfield National Park

Florence Falls, Litchfield National Park, Nick Rains / Tourism NT
Barbecue Campfire Caravan Disabled Drinking water Kiosk/Restaurant Shower Swimming Toilets Wildlife Camping area Four-wheel drive touring Fuel Information Picnic area Ranger Walking


Litchfield National Park is a gem of a park, encompassing diverse landscapes that take in most Top End habitats. Spring-fed waterfalls flow from a plateau, creating beautiful, crocodile-free swimming holes, and outliers of imposing, weathered rock rise from grassy plains dotted with massive termite mounds.

Fact file


From Darwin via Stuart Hwy then through Batchelor or via Cox Peninsula Rd, then Litchfield Park Rd (which may be closed during the wet season); or via Stuart Hwy to Adelaide River then Dorat and Daly River roads

Best season

May to September; 4WD tracks open dry season only


100 km south of Darwin

Park information

  • PWCNT Batchelor (08) 8976 0282
  • PWCNT Darwin (08) 8999 4555


146 000 ha

Visitor information

Darwin 1300 138 886

Litchfield Tourist Park (08) 8976 0070

Featured Activities in the National Park

  • Take a stroll among the magnetic termite mounds and marvel at their construction and north–south orientation

    Swim in the rock pools at Buley Rockhole and Florence and Tjaynera falls

    Catch a sunset from the escarpment above Wangi Falls

    Wander among the weathered sandstone monoliths of the Lost City

See Also

A look at the past

In 1864 explorer Frederick Litchfield was the first European to discover many of the park’s spectacular features. For many years, until the 1950s, Litchfield was the site of tin and copper mining and old workings remain at Bamboo Creek, and near Blyth Homestead, a basic bush house built by pastoralists in 1929. Batchelor was an air force base during World War II then uranium was discovered nearby in 1949, leading to Australia’s first uranium mine at Rum Jungle. The mine closed in 1971.

Aboriginal culture

Aboriginal people have lived in the region for thousands of years and the park encompasses traditional lands of the Koongurrukun, Marranunggu, Werat and Waray clans.

Natural features

Dominating the park is the Tabletop Range, with spring-fed waterfalls plunging over its sheer escarpments and craggy rock faces. The constant flow of water from springs and wet-season floods has gouged out ravines, and large rock holes at the base of the range. Creeks spill into the Finniss and Reynolds rivers, which meander westwards across the flood plains to the coast.

Native plants

Two eucalypt species dominate the tropical woodland, the Darwin woollybutt and stringybark, while banksias, grevilleas, acacias and other flowering species attract birds and insects. Carpentaria palms and aquatic pandanus are common around monsoonal rainforests and along creeks. Some of the Carpentaria forests are incredibly tall, each tree competing for sunlight. Cypress pines grow on the upper slopes around Florence Falls.


Water monitors are common around the rock pools (watch for the large, dark brown to black Merten’s water monitor or the much smaller, paler coloured Mitchell’s water monitor, with its distinctive yellow spots or flecks). Pythons dwell in the moist, tropical vegetation and bats inhabit the large caverns of the sandstone escarpment – Tolmer Falls has several colonies of the rare orange leaf-nosed bat and the ghost bat. The latter species, a carnivore and dubbed a false vampire, has pale translucent wings. Out in the woodland there are agile wallabies, antilopine wallaroos, common brushtail possums, quolls, sugar gliders and dingoes.

The prolific birdlife includes nectar-loving honeyeaters and rainbow lorikeets, and olive-backed and yellow orioles, dollarbirds, common koels and figbirds. Red-tailed black-cockatoos sit high in the eucalypts feeding on seed pods, while rainbow bee-eaters flit across the sky snapping up insects in midair. The river flood plains are important breeding sites for birds such as magpie geese and are home to saltwater crocodiles. The golden orb-weaving spider is common around waterways.


Clearly marked trails leave from carparks in most popular areas. At Wangi Falls, a beautiful walk leads around the pool via the top of the falls and includes a boardwalk with wheelchair access. At Buley Rockhole, a walk follows Florence Creek, while a short loop walk leads from the Florence Falls carpark to the bottom pool and back. At Tolmer Falls, a 20-minute walk leads from the carpark to an observation platform overlooking a massive rock pool with magnificent Tolmer Falls spilling into the void. Tjaynera Falls and a delightfully cool rock pool are at the end of a rocky track leading from the carpark past ancient cycads. A stroll around magnetic termite mounds in the north-east of the park is enhanced by a boardwalk with information panels, while one of the best walks in Litchfield is among the sandstone pillars of the Lost City. The Tabletop Track is a 39-kilometre circuit that links many of the park attractions and can be accessed at Florence Falls, Greenant Creek, Wangi Falls and Walker Creek. Overnight campers must stay at designated campgrounds.

Four-wheel driving

A 4WD track enters the park from the Daly River Road in the south, leading on to Litchfield Park Road in the north, with turn-offs to Surprise Creek and Tjaynera Falls and Blyth Homestead ruins. The Lost City 4WD track runs off the Litchfield Park Road.


Florence and Wangi are impressive waterfalls that plunge into rock pools ideal for swimming and safe from crocodiles during the dry season. Buley Rockhole, where water cascades over rocks into a series of small pools, offers visitors a degree of privacy in their own pool. Another good swimming spot, at the end of a 20-minute walk, is above Tjaetaba Falls (Greenant Creek). Surprise Creek Falls and Tjaynera Falls are delightful and rarely visited sites just off 4WD tracks. The Finniss and Reynolds rivers are off-limits to swimmers because they are saltwater crocodile habitats. Visitors must observe crocodile warning signs and be crocodile-wise at all times.


Buley Rockhole camping area

Swim in the pools and cascades that tumble down the rocks. To get here, take the signposted turn-off from Litchfield Park Rd, 42 km south-west of Batchelor towards Florence Falls, and follow it for 2.5 km.... Find out more

Bush camp 1 - Tabletop Track (walk-in camping)

This camping area’s only facility is toilets. The site is 4 km from Wangi Falls (clockwise around the track).... Find out more

Bush camp 2 - Tabletop Track (walk-in camping)

This is a basic camping area 1.8 km from the end of the Walker Creek Link Walk. Toilets are provided.... Find out more

Bush camp 3 - Tabletop Track (walk-in camping)

This basic camping area with toilets is 12.4 km from Florence Falls and 4.2 km from Wangi Falls.... Find out more

Florence Falls 2WD camping area

Florence Falls is accessible down 160 steps or along Shady Creek Walk, about 1 km. At the bottom of the gorge there is a magnificent plunge pool and waterfall. Camping for 2WD vehicles is 4.5 km off Litchfield Park Rd,... Find out more

Florence Falls 4WD camping area

This 4WD campsite is 1 km up the road from the area for 2WD vehicles. To reach it take the signposted turn-off, 42 km south-west of Batchelor. Note: you can swim in nearby waterways, but observe crocodile warning signs.... Find out more

Surprise Creek Falls camping area

Walk through the bush to a beautiful waterhole with plunge pools hidden in the rocks. This is the most remote campsite in the park, is without drinking water and is located off the Reynolds River 4WD track, about 16 km... Find out more

Tjaynera (Sandy Creek) Falls camping area

A 3.4 km return walk takes you from here through cycads to a large plunge pool. This site off the Reynolds River 4WD track is 9 km south of Litchfield Park Rd.... Find out more

Walker Creek camping area (walk-in camping)

Suitable only for tents, this walk-in camping area has just 6 sites along Walker Creek. Stroll along the creek to reach a quiet swimming hole. Bring drinking water. It’s just off Litchfield Park Rd, 82 km west of... Find out more

Wangi Falls camping area

At Wangi Falls multiple waterfalls cascade down the escarpment. There is a beautiful swimming hole, boardwalk lookouts and a ridgetop walk. Swimming is only possible during the Dry (observe crocodile warnings) but... Find out more

See Also

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