From the air, Wilpena Pound looks like a giant bird’s nest or a hand forming the shape of a cup (the word ‘wilpena’ comes from an Aboriginal word thought to mean ‘place of bent fingers’). Wilpena Pound is in fact a remnant valley, 14 kilometres long and 7 kilometres wide, and the ridges that enclose it are the eroded stumps of large mountains. Only the hardest materials of these mountains, once thought to tower as high as Everest, have survived millions of years of weathering. In Aboriginal mythology, the pound is made up of the bodies of two serpents. St Mary Peak and Beatrice Hill, on either side of the gap in the pound, are believed to be the serpents’ heads.
- Wilpena Pound, Flinders Ranges and Outback, Highlight