Aerial view of Woomera area desert, Australian Geographic

Population 294

Woomera and its testing range were established in 1947 as a site for launching British experimental rockets during the Cold War era. The town was a restricted area until 1982. The Woomera Prohibited Area remains in force today and is still one of the largest land-based rocket ranges in the world. Until 2003, Woomera was the site of a controversial detention centre for refugees. The detainees are now held at the Baxter Detention Centre near Port Augusta.

Visitor Information

Dewrang Ave; (08) 8673 7042 or 1300 761 620


Nearby national parks

  • Lake Torrens National Park

    The 250-kilometre-long ephemeral Lake Torrens is timeless, wild and starkly photogenic. Protected within Lake Torrens National Park, this is...more

  • Lake Gairdner National Park

    The vast whiteness of Lake Gairdner rests in the foothills on the northern side of the Gawler Ranges. This is one of the largest salt lakes...more

  • Flinders Ranges National Park

    Flinders Ranges National Park covers a vast ancient landscape of rippled outback terrain and exposed ridges, culminating in the striking...more

Nearby towns

  • Roxby Downs

    In 1975 Roxby Downs station was a hard-working property on the red sand dunes of central South Australia. That was until a body of copper...more

  • Andamooka

    If Queen Elizabeth II had ever been to Andamooka, perhaps she would have thought differently about the Andamooka Opal given to her as a gift...more

  • Leigh Creek

    Located in the Flinders Ranges, Leigh Creek is a modern coalmining town that services a huge open-cut mine to the north. The original...more

In Town

Heritage and Visitor Information Centre: provides a detailed history of the area through videos, exhibitions, rocket relics and photographic displays. It also includes a bowling alley. Tours of the Rocket Range can be booked and depart here; Dewrang Ave.

Missile Park: open-air defence display of rockets, aircraft and weapons; Cnr Banool and Dewrang aves.

Baker Observatory: viewing the night sky through a computer-controlled telescope; contact visitor centre for details.

Eco-friendly activities around town

Arid Recovery Reserve 72 km

Initially a public relations exercise for BHP Billiton’s massive Olympic Dam mine, the Arid Recovery Reserve at Roxby Downs is now an excellent example of how industry, government and the community can work... Find out more

Rest areas around town

Pimba rest area 7 km

At Pimba

Adjacent to the roadhouse.

Island Lagoon South rest area 22 km

155km N of Port Augusta (L) or 18km S of Pimba (R)

Well off the highway with good views over the surrounding countryside. 

Island Lagoon North rest area 23 km

20km NW of Pimba (L) or 93km SE of Glendambo (R)

Just off the highway with good views over the surrounding countryside.

Lake Hart rest area 41 km

40km NW of Pimba (R) or 73km SE of Glendambo (L)

Well off the highway and overlooking the lake.

Ironstone Lagoon rest area 69 km

103km N of Port Augusta (L) or 70km S of Pimba (R)

Just off the highway among a couple of trees.

Relief Hill rest area 87 km

88km NW of Pimba (R) or 25km SE of Glendambo (L)

Just off the highway and surrounded by scrub.

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